This has been a frustrating problem for several months with my Pelican powered Raspberry Pi web server. I actually thought maybe I was crazy because I would visit my website on my computer and everything looked fine but then if I went to my website with iPhone/iPad some of the pictures were upside down. I tried using Image Magick's convert command to rotate the images and that didn't fix the problem. Finally tonight I thought I would really dive in and focus trying to figure out what was going on. The first thing I tried was different Pelican themes, maybe a responsive theme would fix my issue? I could not get the other themes to work so I started really looking at the images and the exif data inside of the JPEG images. After some searching around the web I discovered that other people had this problem. Basically if you take photos with your iPhone with the volume buttons oriented up that is really upside down. Instead of rotating the images the iPhone puts the information into the Exif headers of the JPEG image. But then it behaves differently for web browsers (both MacOS and Windows) and iPhone/iPad. On MacOS and Windows the images had to be rotated with the convert and they displayed fine. But then on iPhone/iPad they would display upside down after the convert program was used to rotate them. Finally I was able to assemble a Python program to rotate the image if orientation is set then to strip out all the exif data for presentation on the web. Here is the program:
import argparse from PIL import Image, ExifTags if __name__ == "__main__": parser = argparse.ArgumentParser() parser.add_argument("-f", "--filename", action="store", required=True) args = parser.parse_args() print("processing file: %s" % args.filename) image = Image.open(args.filename) # this code below will rotate the image if it needs to be rotated for orientation in ExifTags.TAGS.keys(): if ExifTags.TAGS[orientation]=='Orientation': break exif=dict(image._getexif().items()) if exif[orientation] == 3: image=image.rotate(180, expand=True) print("rotated image 180") elif exif[orientation] == 6: image=image.rotate(270, expand=True) print("rotated image 270") elif exif[orientation] == 8: image=image.rotate(90, expand=True) print("rotated image 90") # now we need to strip out the exif all together by saving # to a new image without exif data = list(image.getdata()) image_without_exif = Image.new(image.mode, image.size) image_without_exif.putdata(data) image_without_exif.save(args.filename)
Then be careful that you clear your web cache so the same upside down image does not reload. Hopefully this will save you some time!